The weight reduction per fruit was determined on the basis of average fruit weight at each of the four reproductive stages of cucumber. Atwal (1993) suggested such mechanical control measures in farmer’s fields as normal practice for effective control against this pest in India. Cucumber yields in pheromone and sweet gourd baited fields were comparable (Table 9). The lowest infestation (26.80 %) by cucurbit fruit fly was found after spraying of insecticide in the afternoon (4:00pm to 5:00pm) and the maximum fruit infestation was found in the untreated control treatment (60.24%). The infested fruits at each harvest were weighed and added for each reproductive stage and presented in Table 5. The mean value of weight reduction per fruit ranged from 34.36 to 76.87%. They observed the following result: During the summer season of 2000 and 2001, the higher the fruit fly capture the lesser was the fruit infestation and higher was the yield. 2005). Several authors highly advocated hand picking of infested fruits to reduce fruit fly damage on cucurbit vegetables. Development from egg to adult under summer conditions requires about 16 days. Results on the bioecology of cucurbit flies. early in the morning. The recovery of damage suggested that the fruits were stung by the flies without infesting their eggs or the eggs were unfertilized. Spraying The lowest fruit infestation by weight was obtained from the silver color ribbon treated plot. 5. Apply We handle all Residential and Commercial projects with environmentally, eco-friendly and pet friendly control solutions, fully insured and offer a 6 Month guarantee to all our customers. vigour of the plant and thereby its yield is adversely affected. Mannan (2004) stated that the yield losses due to fruit fly To assess the alternative use of toxic chemicals for the management of cucurbit fruit fly. From this study, the best result was the hand picking of infested fruits. An experiment was conducted by Nasiruddin and karim (1992) on the evaluation of potential control measure for fruit fly, Bactrocera (Dacus) cucurbitae, in snake gourd. However, in economic and environmental point of view an IPM package composed of hand picking of infested fruits + bait spray with Malathion plus molassas may be used. Hello! Mitchell and Soul (1990) reported that this practice is widely used in USA for suppressing Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata. Effect of   different bagging on weight reduction per fruit at different reproductive, stages in cucumber grown in 1997-98 cropping season at BSMRAU, Gazipur,       Bangladesh, Management of fruit fly by Cultural & mechanical control. Nasiruddin & Karim (1992) recommended collection and destruction of infested fruits with larvae inside for reducing fruits fly population on snake gourd. When percent infestation of fruit, percent infestation by weight, weight reduction per fruit were studied by bagging, the best performance in suppressing fruit fly was obtained from treatment involving bagging of fruit at 3 days after anthesis and retaining the bag for 5 days. Percent weight reduction per fruit due to fruit fly infestation calculated for the entire reproductive stages and its reduction over control are presented in Table 13.The over all weight reduction per fruit ranged from 35.19 % to 52.27%.The lowest weight reduction per fruit was obtained from T4 treated plot, but it was statistically similar to T3 treated plot. The increasing use of synthetic insecticides has led to a number of problems such as development of resistance to insecticides in some insect pests, high insecticide residues in market produce, resurgence or increased infestation by some insect species due to the destruction of natural predators and parasitoids, changing pest status of mites and other minor insect pests, ecological imbalance and danger to health of the pesticide applicator. Maggots feed inside the fruits, but at times also f… They observed that fruit fly infestation rates in snake gourd fruits in bait trap treatment plot was 4.9% against 22.5% infested fruits in the control plot which differed significantly (P<0.05; Table 4) . The highest weight reduction occurred in fruits of untreated control plot, which was statistically similar to T2 treated plot. The values of fruit infestation by weight under T1, T3, T4 and untreated control plots were statistically comparable to each other. Cucurbit fruit fly Bactrocera cucurbitae, is one of the most important pests of cucurbits. Fruit fly catches in cuelure and MSG bait traps in 2000 & 2001, Kashimpur, Management of fruit fly by IPM Package(s). adult insect also feed on the leaves of grown up plant by scrapping off their Cucurbit Fruit Fly (Bactrocera Cucurbitae Coq.) The cucurbit fruit fly Bactrocera cucurbitae can attack about 16 different types of cucurbit crops. An experiment was conducted (Anon. the larvae and adults can be shaken down in container of kerosinized water Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. flies are most damaging for cucurbitaceous crops. The female fruit fly showed preference for yellow, red and to a lesser extent for indigo color ribbon, while silver ribbons elicited a very low response. Among them, cucurbit fruit fly is the serious pest responsible for considerable damage of cucurbits (Alam 1969, Butani and Jotwani 1984). fruits are either rotten or deformed in shape due to the microbial infection. 2004). Pupation occurs in the soil. Statistically higher rate of infestation (%)was observed in untreated control plot. (2002) on effectiveness of different color ribbons for suppressing fruit fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae Coq.) In this study, the total fruit yield was significantly higher (10.49 t/ha) in the plots treated with the components of IPM package 3 (Cypermethrin at15 days interval + bagging fruits at 3 DAA for 5 days + bait trap). pumpkin beetle is a serious pest of cucurbitaceous plants, except bitter gourd. The first 1999-2000). The mean of all stages of fruit fly infestation was significantly lower (5.53%) in T2 where bagging of fruits at 3 days after anthesis was made and retained for 5 days (Table 1). The trends in the level of fruit fly infestation at other three reproductive stages including mean of all stages were the same. The other species D.zonatus S. has also been reported to damage long melon. An experiment was conducted on comparative effectiveness of various sex pheromone dispensers and mashed sweet gourd bait traps for fruit fly control (Anon. Several biotic factors limit the production and productivity of cucurbits, of which the cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cu-curbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), has been the most prominent pest. 1993). The extent of yield-loss caused by the pest to cucurbita-ceous vegetables ranges from 30–100%, depending upon cucurbit species and the sea-son (Dhillon et al. Vegetables are not equally produced throughout the year in the country. In view of the above facts, the main focus of this paper is lying in the following specific objectives: This seminar paper is exclusively a review paper and has been prepared by reviewing various books, journals, workshop/symposium, proceedings, reports, publications, thesis etc. rind with the ovipositor. Hand picking of infested fruits+ bait spray with Malathion and molasses. Such rotten or deformed fruits are not fit for sale or human consumption. Fruit flies, Bactrocera spp. 4. The annual production of vegetables is only 2.5 million tons, including potato and sweet potato (Anon.1993).The optimum requirement of vegetable for a full grown person is 285g but in Bangladesh it is only 32g(Hossainet al. To identify some approaches for the management of cucurbit fruit fly. The following results were observed: Fruit fly capture in pheromone dispensers and the bait trap differed significantly. The cucurbit fruit flies were prevalent in the field throughout the year and they were attracted continually to cuelure baited traps even when there was no cucurbit crop in the field or in the neighborhood. Stanes Entrap Cucurbit Fruit Fly Trap – Bukoola Chemicals Stanes Entrap Cucurbit Fruit Fly Trap Stanes Entrap consists of lure packets, a cylindrical container with … It occurs in the Andean countries, Paraguay, southern Brazil, and northern Argentina. Adult Data has been collected from secondary sources and in consultation with resource personnel. active. + Read More The result strongly suggests that the pheromone cuelure possesses strong luring capacity to attract fruit flies   from a wide distance, whereas MSG is effective in attracting only the fruit flies which are present within a cucurbit crop. Similarly trend of fruit infestation by weight was observed in case of fruits harvested at early fruiting stage (Table 2). The pattern of fly catches in year 2000 and 2001 shows that continuous mass trapping has probably reduced the fruit fly population in the area. The results of 2001 showed that cucumber in MSG baited fields had the lowest fruit infestation. The IPM, undoubtedly since last few years has been a much talked scientific phenomenon in Bangladesh, particularly in the area of the agricultural policy makers. Cucurbit fruit fly is the most destructive pest of bitter gourd throughout the country. Bacterial diseases of plants; Erwinia amylovora is transmitted by wasps and bees, E. carotovora by onion maggot fly and E. tracheiphila by spotted and stripped cucumber beetles. water. Two species of fruit flies, the Ethiopian fruit fly D. ciliatus L. and melon fly, B.cucurbitae C are the predominant species damaging cucurbits and melons. 1987; Mitchell and Saul 1990; Smith 1992). Effect of cultural and mechanical practices on weight reduction per fruit at various, reproductive stages of cucumber grown in 1997-98 cropping season at BSMRAU, Gazipur, Bangladesh, Management of fruit fly by pheromone and indigenous bait traps. This might lead to develop the IPM package(s) against this pest. A large number of cucurbit vegetables, viz., bottle gourd, bitter gourd, sweet gourd, snake gourd, white gourd, ridge gourd, sponge gourd, kakrol, cucumber etc. He observed the following result: The mean values of infestation at all stages of reproduction under IPM package 3 (Cypermethrin applied at15 days intervals + bagging fruits at 3 DAA and left for 5 days + bait trap) was lower (3.54%) but statistically similar to that of package 2(Cypermethrin at 15 days intervals + bait spray with Malathion + molasses + bait trap) and package 4 (hand picking of infested fruits + bait trap). Effect of cultural and mechanical practice on infestation of fruit fly in cucumber grown in 1997-98 cropping season at BSMRAU, Gazipur, Bangladesh, Figures followed by similar letter in a column are statistically similar at 5 percent level by DMRT. Again, when studied with pheromone and mashed sweet gourd trap, pheromone captured higher number of fruit fly than mashed sweet gourd trap. Pumpkin Fruit Fly, Bactrocera curcubitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) • This is the most destructive pest of cucurbits. At this stage there was no significant difference in fruit infestation by weight under T1, T3 and T5. is the serious pest responsible for considerable damage of cucurbits ( Fruit fly is the most damaging pest of cucurbits and considered as an important obstacle for economic production of these crops. Different technologies were used as the alternative technique of toxic chemicals, such as cultural and mechanical practices, bait traps, pheromone, color ribbon and IPM packages. Because of the difficulties associated with the control of this pest by chemical insecticides, farmers experienced great losses in cucurbits. At late fruiting stage the percent of infested fruits by weight under T2, T4, and T5 were statistically similar as compared with T1 and T3 (Table 2). larvae cause damage in various ways by boring into the roots and the The problem of cucurbit-infesting fruit flies worldwide and in Réunion. The Conclusion. neem oil cake in the soil has been reported to kill the pest larvae. rot due to infection by the saprophytic fungi. muskmelon and other cucurbitaceous crops. of contact insecticides like carbaryl 10% DP has been effective in controlling The mean percent of infested fruits of all stages from mechanical control (9.48%) showed the lower level of infestation compared with field sanitation (19.18%) and control (24.10%). The South American cucurbit fruit fly, Anastrepha grandis (Macquart), which exists in several South American countries, attacks watermelon and other fruits of the family Cucurbitaceae. are grown in Bangladesh. Yeah I also agree that the issues that you discussed in this blog are really very serious. The fruits of cucurbits, of which the melon fly is a serious pest, are picked up at short intervals for marketing and self-consumption. Among them, cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae Coquillett is the major pest responsible for considerable damage (Butani and Jotwani, 1984). Infested Insecticide protection is possible by using a cover spray (the bait sprays used against fruit flies in … Table 1 ) early fruiting stage ( Table 3 ) effect of different ribbons., photoshoot done in the level of fruit infestation by weight under T1, T3, T4 and control. Yield is adversely affected + bait trap generally, it is nearly impossible to the. 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