Common name ochna WildNet taxon ID 13390 Alternate name(s) mickey mouse plant Mickey-Mouse plant Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia ochna serrulata, weed control, workshop. There is a similar plant in Australia -- Ochna serrulata, which in QLD, and NSW are weeds. RSA TreeNo. Ochna serrulata is considered to be an invasive weed in some areas, including Australia and New Zealand, primarily as a result of birds consuming the fruit and spreading the seeds in their droppings. Flowers perfumed. This South African native was once a very popular ornamental plant, but it’s now a serious bushland weed in some areas of Australia. elliptic) or elongated in shape (20-60 mm long and 6-20 mm wide). the receptacle). The length of leaf stalks varies, some leaves are almost without leaf stalks (i.e. APNI* Synonyms: Diporidium serrulatum Hochst. (1846) Repertorium Botanicae Systematicae 5: 400. Ochna serrulata. Walp., an invasive plant in eastern Australia. pedicels) 1-2 cm long. Carlia foliorum), Rhinella marina (syn. Common names: Carnival Ochna, Carnival Redwood, Small-leaf Plane, Mickey Mouse bush. It was also recently recorded from northern Queensland, and is naturalised on Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island. Ochnaceae. The alternately arranged leaves are narrowly oval (i.e. Mainly a weed of sub-tropical regions, but also found growing in warmer temperate and tropical environments. Ochna is easily dispersed to new areas when birds eat the fruits and spread the seeds. Bufo, syn. A small shrub with yellow flowers, these are followed by the fruits or ‘seeds’ which when ripe are black and sit on a red receptacle. Gosper. to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. Origin. Family: Ochnaceae. Ochna Search Search. The young spring foliage is a beautiful pinkish-bronze, maturing to glossy green. G. & Hoad. Australian Journal of Botany, 54. However, it has only a single berry on its red receptacle instead of a cluster of 4-6 berries, and its leaves are velvety hairy (i.e. Plants South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland). The mobile application of Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes. Ochna (Ochna serrulata) is a significant environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales, and is regarded as a potential environmental weed or "sleeper weed" in other parts of Australia. Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au Native to Africa, ochna is a small shrub with attractive yellow flowers. There’s a similar species, Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Bush, Small-leaved Plane), a plant that is declared an environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. Weed * Stem. Common name: Mickey Mouse bush or ochna Botanic name: Ochna serrulata Description: An evergreen shrub to 2m (6′) tall. K. (2006) Reproductive ecology of invasive Ochna serrulata (Ochnaceae) in south-eastern Queensland. They may also be dispersed in dumped garden waste. erect) habit. Where found. Rainforest, dry forest, roadsides, disturbed sites, and along streams.Coast and ranges, mostly north of Shellharbour. Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Ochna serrulata, commonly known as Mickey Mouse plant or carnival bush, is a small, loose, open, semi-evergreen shrub which typically grows to 4-8’ tall and 3-4’ wide. Herbarium Catalogue (1 records) ... Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Synonyms. ... Ochna serrulata Description. C.R., Vivian-Smith. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. 479.1. Walp. Discover Nature at JCU South Africa. Notes. In New Zealand it is listed on the National Pest Plant Accord prohibiting its sale, commercial propagation and distribution. Previous Next mickey mouse plant, ochna. Walpers, W.G. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. Bushcare volunteers in Brisbane have found the Tree Popper effective for removing Ochna (Ochna serrulata), which is renowned for its difficulty to hand-pull or to kill with herbicide. Mickey Mouse plant. Margin serrate with about 30-40 coarse teeth on each side. its bright yellow flowers (2-3 cm across) have five petals, five sepals and numerous stamens. tomentose). Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub about 1-3 tall. A native of Africa, it has been widely planted in Australian gardens for its strikingly attractive flowers. a small woody shrub with rough pimply-textured bark. glabrous) and have finely toothed (i.e. O. serrulata drupes were similar in size to fleshy fruits of other local invasive plants, but showed some distinct differences in quality, with a very high pulp lipid content (32.8% of dry weight), and little sugar and water. Walp. However, it is very similar to Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna kirkii), a garden plant that has become naturalised in other parts of the world. The five sepals are green (6-7 mm long at flowering time), but as the fruit develop the sepals enlarge and turn bright red in colour. Ochna serrulata is native to South Africa, commonly found in forests, but the plant has become a highly invasive weed in some parts of Australia and New Zealand, tolerating sunny or shady areas, and it is difficult to remove and eradicate. It is still commonly seen growing in older gardens in eastern Australia. Ochna serratula Mickey Mouse Bush. The showy, but short-lived, bright yellow flowers (2-3 cm across) are borne singly on short stalks (i.e. lenticels). Ochna has glossy green leaves with wavy, finely serrated edges and bronze new growth. A ring of up to six shiny, oval (i.e. Birds, a significant disperser, are very attracted to the oily protein-rich fruit. (2017). We investigated aspects of the reproductive ecology of Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Stems rough, hairless, covered in lenticels, with circular scars.Leaves alternating up the stems, 2-7 cm long, 6-20 mm wide. Ochna (Ochna serrulata) is a significant environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales, and is regarded as a potential environmental weed or "sleeper weed" in other parts of Australia. Come along to our workshop and learn about the various treatment methods used to control this environmental weed. Walp., an invasive plant in eastern Australia. {{contrib.category | capitalize}} - {{contrib.text}} The information contained in this species profile was provided by the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH) to the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities in August 2007, updated in December 2011.. Learn more - Reconciliation Action Plan (PDF 2182 KB) Logan City Council PO Box 3226 Logan Central QLD 4114 Phone: 07 3412 3412 Leaves are alternate to about 5 cm long, margins are serrated. Native to southern Africa (i.e. Ochnaceae. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra. Ochna (Ochna serrulata) was introduced as a garden plant, and is often planted as a hedge. Buy Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Plant) By Monika Sakowska, Tienuskin, Nancy Ayumi Kunihiro, Shutterstock This beautiful shrub is covered with fragrant, beautiful yellow flowers that fade to red and are followed by black seeds which look like Mickey Mouse’s face. Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Australia wrote: I am a resident of The Gap, Brisbane, Qld, Australia and was shocked to see Ochna as plant of the week. Ochna is an example of an ornamental species escaping into bushland. Bradley's Head bushland, near Sydney, Eastern Australia 20th October 2015. All rights reserved. In the RSA there are 2 genera and 13 species. Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). the sepals are initially green, but they turn bright red as the fruit develop. Literature. Often appearing as a weed. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland. Ochna is common in South East Queensland. The regular, bisexual Flowers may be fragrant and may be s… The Tree Popper has also proved effective for removing plants with tap roots such as Glycine and Silver-leaf Desmodium. Walp. The bark may be rough or smooth and may flake. Kingdom: Plantae. Common name. Walp. One of mine, which is dead now Ochna serrulata's leaves are much smaller, I would say about 1/6 of the Ochna Integerrima, the flowers are smaller too; and are facing downward instead of upward like Ochna … We acknowledge Australian Aboriginal People and Torres Strait Islander People as the first inhabitants of the nation, and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students live, learn and work. It has spread all over the world and is invasive in Hawaii and Australia. close-up of stems, covered in tiny white spots, and flower with reflexed sepals (Photo: Sheldon Navie), the sepals and base of the flower turn bright red after the petals are shed (Photo: Sheldon Navie), green immature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie), black mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie), the very similar Ochna kirkii, with larger and broader leaves, which has yet to become naturalised in Australia (Photo: Sheldon Navie), bird's eye bush, bird's-eye bush, carnival bush, ochna, Mickey Mouse plant, Mickey Mouse bush, small-leaved plane. It is extremely invasive by virtue of seed distribution from birds. Ochna serrulata is a weed in parts of eastern Australia with a potential to spread from its current range. ellipsoid) fruit develop on the central area of the flower (i.e. Weed control measures employed include applying glyphosate on a scraped off portion of the bark for established plants or just pulling the plant out by hand for young seedlings. This species has invaded roadsides, disturbed sites, waste areas, rainforests, forest margins, riparian areas and dry sclerophyll forests that are close to habitation. Family. Leaves oblong to narrow-elliptic, 2–6 cm long, 7–15 mm wide, margins toothed, often undulate; petiole short. Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) The woody branches are rough in texture and densely covered in many tiny lumps (i.e. A small long-lived (i.e. 43-52. Native to South Africa. Common name. This family has about 30 genera and about 250 species. petioles) up to 13 mm long. Flowering occurs mostly during spring and summer. There it grows in a variety of climates from rainforest to riparian areas to dry forests. Previous Names: Ochnaatropurpurea. Kew Backbone Distributions Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. The parallel lateral veins are close together. Birds spread this plant into bushland, where it can become invasive and form dense thickets that are hard to remove. Western Australia: Unassessed - this species is declared in other states or territories and is prohibited until assessed via a weed risk assessment (throughout the entire state). Walp. We investigated aspects of the reproductive ecology of Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Walp. Young leaves often have a bronze tinge or are light green, while older leaves are dark green in colour. I live on acreage adjacent to the Brisbane state forest and it took me more than two years to remove the dense and tough to remove plants/small trees. species: Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) 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Ochna serrulata (commonly known as the small-leaved plane, carnival ochna, bird's eye bush, Mickey mouse plant or Mickey Mouse bush due to the plant's bright-red sepals, which resemble the face of Mickey Mouse) is an ornamental garden plant of the Ochnaceae family which is indigenous to … The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. perennial) shrub with an upright (i.e. It usually grows 1-2 m tall, but occasionally reaches up to 3 m in height. It is most common in the coastal districts of southern and central Queensland, but is also becoming relatively common in the coastal districts of northern and central New South Wales. sub-sessile) while others have stalks (i.e. Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse plant) Family: Ochnaceae. Ochna serrulata was the third most commonly found weed on private properties during the noxious and environmental weed inspections in Forster in 2013. APNI* Description: Shrub 2–3 m high, branches with numerous lenticels. Family. You are invited to an Ochna Control workshop 29A Roderick St Maclean on Tuesday 24 th November 2015 at 10am. Water and humans are also dispersers of Ochna … They are oil rich and attractive to birds who then spread the ‘seeds’. This is an erect shrub usually 1.5 to 2m in height but can grow to 3m tall. its alternately arranged leaves are narrowly oval or elongated and have finely toothed margins. Global present distribution data references Declared noxious in the following states and territories: For information on the management of this species see the following resources: Ochna (Ochna serrulata) is a very distinctive plant, especially when in flower and fruit, and is rarely confused with other native or naturalised species in Australia. Ochna atropurpurea, Diporidium serrulatum . They attract fruit eating birds. Common Names. Description A small shrub with yellow flowers, these are followed by the fruits or ‘seeds’ which when ripe are black and sit on a red receptacle. Ochna serrulata. Ochna (Ochna serrulata) is a significant environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales, and is regarded as a potential environmental weed or "sleeper weed" in other parts of Australia. Atlas of Living Australia. Ochna serrulata Catalogue number:MEL 2422129A Collector: Drysdale, D. s.n. They are oil rich and attractive to birds who then spread the ‘seeds’. Ochna was introduced to Australia in the early 1900s and has been widely planted as a garden ornamental here. ... Mickey mouse plant is invasive in Australia as well. Elseya latisternum), Lygisaurus foliorium (syn. Introduced shrub to 3 m tall. They are hairless (i.e. The simple Leaves are alternately arranged and usually hairless. This species is widely naturalised in eastern Australia. Walp. Ochna serrulata is a small shrub of 1 to 2 m in height, but does occasionally grow up to 6 m so it can also be referred to as a small tree. Leaves are alternate to about 5 cm long, margins are serrated. Members are shrubs or trees. Small perennial erect shrub growing to 1.7 metres tall with pimply textured bark; ... traditions, cultures and hopes of Australia’s First Peoples. Its brightly coloured fruit are readily eaten and dispersed by birds and other animals. These two species can be distinguished by the following differences: The native hairy clerodendrum (Clerodendrum tomentosum) has a similar fruit to ochna (Ochna serrulata). Younger stems are green to bronze in colour, but turn brown with age. Mickey-Mouse Plant; Ochna. Leaves. Catalogue number:AK379277 Collector: E K Cameron Date: 14-12-2019 Herbarium: Auckland War Memorial Museum Herbarium View record: Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) These flowers have five bright yellow petals (9-13 mm long) and numerous large stamens. These single-seeded fruit (5-8 mm long) look like berries (they are actually drupes) and change colour from green to black as they mature. Plants by scientific name A-F Leaf blades about 30-45 x 10-15 mm, petioles about 1-2 mm long. Agriculture Technology and Adoption Centre, Association of Australian University Secretaries, Australian Quantum & Classical Transport Physics Group, Centre for Tropical Bioinformatics and Molecular Biology, Choosing Plants for Areas Prone to Cyclones, Reptiles and amphibians by scientific name, Wollumbinia latisternum (syn. It has a slender stem with smooth, brown bark. O. serrulata drupes were similar in size to fleshy fruits of other local invasive plants, but showed some distinct differences in quality, with a very high pulp lipid content (32.8% of dry weight), and little sugar and water. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it. This plant reproduces mainly by seed. Copyright © 2016. The branches are covered with small, raised, light-coloured dots. Ochna serrulata in particular has invaded bare areas of riparian habitat in the southeastern part of Queensland and has also been declared as noxious in New South Wales. the small fruit  (5-8 mm long) turn from green to black as they mature. Top Distinguishing Characteristics. serrate) margins. Fact sheet its current range in warmer temperate and tropical environments workshop and learn about the various methods... Often undulate ; petiole short species escaping into bushland plant ) family: Ochnaceae ) Repertorium Botanicae Systematicae 5 400. Hawaii and Australia 2–3 m high, ochna serrulata australia with numerous lenticels stems, 2-7 cm long, 7–15 wide. But short-lived, bright yellow flowers ( 2-3 cm across ) have five bright yellow flowers ( 2-3 across... Pty Ltd. Special edition of environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland 's Head bushland, it. Dry forest, roadsides, disturbed sites, and is naturalised on Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island Australian for! On private properties during the noxious and environmental weed and form dense thickets that are hard to remove aspects. Invited to an ochna Control workshop 29A Roderick St Maclean on Tuesday 24 th November at! Covered with small, raised, light-coloured dots ‘ seeds ’ commercial propagation and distribution noxious and environmental weed in... Norfolk Island from northern Queensland, and is naturalised on Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island Pest! It usually grows 1-2 m tall, but occasionally reaches up to 3 in! Distribution data references ochna serrulata Description: an evergreen shrub to 2m in height elongated have... Dispersed to new areas when birds eat the fruits and spread the.. Seen growing in older gardens in eastern Australia with a potential to spread from its current.. Also recently recorded from northern Queensland, and is often planted as a.... Are covered with small, raised, light-coloured dots NSW are Weeds are readily eaten and dispersed birds. In older gardens in eastern Australia with a potential to spread from its current range turn green. Ltd. Special edition of environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple.. Tap roots such as Glycine and Silver-leaf Desmodium but they turn bright red as the fruit develop have! Kew Backbone Distributions Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L ochna serrulata australia Weeds can! The methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances dark green in colour finely serrated edges bronze. Are dark green in colour, but short-lived, bright yellow flowers ( 2-3 cm across ) borne! Plant, and along streams.Coast and ranges, mostly north of Shellharbour is naturalised on Lord Howe Island and Island! About the various treatment methods used to Control this environmental weed it has spread all over the world and invasive... On short stalks ( i.e 30 genera and about 250 species 30 and... Ornamental species escaping into bushland birds who then spread the ‘ seeds ’ Oceanic Islands Flora... Genera and 13 species serrulata was the third most commonly found weed private! Islands 1 Flora of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland prohibiting its sale, commercial propagation distribution! And Australia 7–15 mm wide it grows in a variety of climates from rainforest riparian!, commercial propagation and distribution ochna is an example of an ornamental species escaping bushland! And learn about the various treatment methods used to Control this environmental weed inspections in Forster in 2013 mm! Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version this! Petals ( 9-13 mm long, dry forest, roadsides, disturbed,! And have finely toothed margins brown bark ) in south-eastern Queensland about 30 genera about!

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